Dual-Torus Galactic Geometry

Dual-Torus Galactic Geometry

There is a general consensus in cosmology that the rotation of galaxies can only be explained by the presence of theoretical and highly elusive “dark matter”. This article proposes that galactic rotation is driven by dynamically flowing space-time with the geometry of a dual-torus.

The Toroidal Universe

The Toroidal Universe

Most scientists believe that space is ‘flat’, unless it is being ‘curved’ by the presence of matter (which results in gravity). This article proposes that the universe only appears to be expanding because space-time dynamically flows with the geometry of a torus.